In line with Mark Dietzel, children’s clothing is used color to separate the genders. Especially in the olden days where little boys looked like little girls, the distinction can be made by the color of the clothes. Girls wore pink and little boys wore blue, this is as much true today as it is in the era of days gone by.
Because of historical accounts available like painting and photographs, it was not easily distinguished if a child was male or female. Thus, not only do the clothes determined the gender but the general appearance as well. This was manifested by the hairstyle that they were told to wear. It became a strong convention that little girls wear pretty dresses and their hair long while the little boys were told to wear pants and sport short hair. However, due to the evolution of time, little girls of today have adopted to wearing pants but the day hasn’t come yet where the boys adopted the dresses of girls!
In our modern world today, a general convention exists that girls are able to wear the clothes of boys but never the other way around. But that wasn’t the case in the 19th century where little girls and boys were dressed alike. Although during that time, girls were not allowed to dress in pants, otherwise, there was not much difference in the way they were dressed.
Up to the time of the second world war, clothes associated with girls were dresses, pantalets, smocks, and pinafores.